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Advanced IP Routing

This curriculum is specially crafted to provide support to the industry experienced network professionals, so that they can face high-end core network issues with confidence and efficiency. In this course, the focus is on Advanced BGP (planning & implementation), IP Multicasting, IS-IS and Advanced IPv6, which ones are the most effectively implemented technologies in large scale enterprise or service provider environment.

Prerequisites

CCNA Routing and Switching along with CCNP Routing/ 3-5 years of experience in handling enterprise network.

Advanced BGP

  • Describe the Internet Routing Hierarchy: Network Service Providers (NSP), Network Access Point (NAP), ISP Tiers (Tier 1, 2 and 3)
  • Describe connectivity between an enterprise network and an SP that requires the use of BGP
  • Describe connectivity between a SP and upstream SPs
  • Describe BGP transit AS operations
  • Implement EBGP and IBGP
  • Implement BGP neighbor authentication
  • Optimize BGP configurations using af-groups, session-groups, and neighbor-groups
  • Optimize BGP configurations using peer-groups
  • Influence BGP route selection by using various BGP attributes
  • Troubleshoot BGP and configuration errors
  • Describe the BGP routing processes
  • Configure the BGP timers
  • Describe the need for BGP confederations in BGP transit backbones
  • Design and implement BGP route reflectors to scale IBGP in BGP transit backbones
  • Implement BGP in SP IP NGN and PE routers to support multi-homed BGP Customers
  • Implement Remote Triggered Blackhole Filtering (RTBF)
  • Implement BGP TTL security
  • Implement BGP maximum-prefix
  • Implement BGP route dampening
  • Troubleshoot BGP and configuration errors in service provider environments
  • Optimize BGP configurations using af-groups, session-groups, and neighbor-groups
  • Optimize BGP configurations using peer-groups

IS-IS

  • Describe multi-area IS-IS operations
  • Implement multi-area IS-IS for IPv4 and IPv6
  • Implement IS-IS neighbor authentication
  • Troubleshoot IS-IS and configuration errors

IP Multicast

Introduction to IP Multicasting

  • Explaining Multicast and Multicast Advantages
  • Multicast Disadvantages
  • Types of Multicast Applications
  • Unicast Vs. Multicast Routing

Multicast Addresses

  • IP Multicast Basic Addressing
  • Global and Administratively Scoped Addresses
  • Layer 2 Multicast Addressing
  • Calculating Multicast layer 2 Address (MAC) from Class D IP Address

Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)

  • IGMP Version 1.0 and 2.0
  • Advantages of using IGMP Version3.0
  • Multicast in Layer 2 Switching
  • IGMP Snooping and CGMP

Multicast Routing

  • Mulicast Routing Basics
  • Protocols used in Multicast
  • Multicast Distribution Trees
  • Shared Vs Source Based Tree
  • Multicast Forwarding
  • Multicast Reverse Path Forwarding Check
  • TTL Scoping

Introducing PIM

  • Basic PIM Operations
  • PIM in Dense Mode
  • PIM Adjacencies Using PIM Hello Messages
  • Prune messages and Reacting to a Failed Link
  • Steady state Operation and State refresh Message
  • Graft Message, assert and Prune Override Messges
  • Operation of PIM in Sparse Mode
  • Rendezvous Point ( RP ) and source Registration Process
  • Shortest Path Tree Switchover and SPT-Threshold
  • Bi-Directional PIM
  • Source Specific Multicast (SSM)

Dynamically Finding the RP

  • Dynamically Finding RP Using AUTO-RP
  • Dynamically Finding RP by Using BSR
  • Anycast RP
  • RP Configuration and Auto RP listener
  • Interdomain Multicast Routing
  • Implement Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP)
  • Configuring and Troubleshooting MSDP

Advanced IPv6

Features and Benefits of Using IPv6

  • Differences between IPv4 and IPv6
  • Larger Address Space for Global Reachability and Scalability
  • Simplified Header for Efficient Packet Handling
  • Hierarchical Network Architecture for Routing Efficiency
  • Support for Routing Protocols
  • Autoconfiguration and “Plug-and-Play” Support
  • Easier Renumbering
  • Embedded Security with Mandatory IPSec Implementation
  • Enhanced Support for Mobile IP and Mobile Computing Devices
  • Increased Number of Multicast Addresses
  • Multicast Scope Address

IPv6 Header Format

  • IPv6 Header Fields
  • Description of IPv6 Header Fields
  • IPv6 Extension Headers
  • Routing Header
  • Fragment Header
  • ICMPv6 Packet

IPv6 Addressing Architecture

  • IPv6 Address Format
  • IPv6 Address Prefix
  • IPv6 Address Types
  • IPv6 Address Assignment
  • IPv6 Unicast Address
  • IPv6 Global Unicast Address
  • IPv6 Link-Local Unicast Address
  • IPv6 Anycast Address

ABCs of IPv6

  • IPv6 Multicast Address
  • Multicast Group Membership Requirement for IPv6 Nodes
  • IPv6 Solicited-Node Multicast Address
  • IPv6 Loopback Address
  • IPv6 Address Allocation

Operation of IPv6

  • Neighbor Discovery
  • IPv6 Neighbor Solicitation
  • IPv6 Neighbor Advertisement
  • IPv6 Router Discovery
  • IPv6 Router Advertisement
  • IPv6 Router Solicitation
  • IPv6 Redirect Message
  • Stateless Autoconfiguration
  • Renumbering of IPv6 Nodes
  • Duplicate Address Detection Work
  • Path Maximum Transmission Unit Discovery
  • IPv6 Path MTU Discovery Work
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Version 6
  • IPv6 Domain Name System Operation
  • Using AAA Records for DNS Resolution

IPv6 Routing

  • IPv6 Routing Overview
  • Static Routing in IPv6
  • Routing with RIP Next Generation (RIP NG)
  • Routing With EIGRP for IPv6
  • Routing with OSPF Version 3
  • Routing with BGP and IPv6 address Family

Integration and Coexistence Strategies

  • Transition Mechanisms
  • Using IPv4-IPv6 Protocol Dual Stack Devices
  • Deploying IPv6 Using Dual Stack Backbones
  • Deploying IPv6 over IPv4 Tunnels
  • Tunneling Requirements
  • Tunneling and Security
  • IPv6 Tunnel Mechanisms
  • IPv6 Manually Configured Tunnel
  • IPv6 over IPv4 GRE Tunnel
  • Automatic IPv4-Compatible Tunnel
  • Automatic 6to4 Tunnel
  • Protocol Translation Mechanisms
  • Network Address Translation-Protocol Translation