Juniper

Juniper

 

 

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Associate Level (JNCIA)

JNCIA- Junos

Networking Fundamentals

Identify the concepts and functionality of various fundamental elements of networking

  • Collision domains and broadcast domains

  • Function of routers and switches

  • Optical network fundamentals – SONET/SDH, OTN

  • Ethernet networks

  • Layer 2 addressing, including address resolution

  • IPv4 and IPv6 fundamentals

  • Layer 3 / IP addressing, including subnet masks

  • Subnetting and supernetting

  • Decimal to binary conversion

  • Longest match routing

  • Connection-oriented vs. connectionless protocols

Junos OS Fundamentals

Identify the concepts, benefits and functionality of the core elements of the Junos OS

  • Junos device portfolio – product families, general functionality

  • Software architecture

  • Control and forwarding planes

  • Routing Engine and Packet Forwarding Engine

  • Protocol daemons

  • Transit traffic processing

  • Exception traffic

User Interfaces

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of the Junos user interfaces

  • CLI functionality

  • CLI modes

  • CLI navigation

  • CLI Help

  • Filtering output

  • Active vs. candidate configuration

  • Reverting to previous configurations

  • Modifying, managing, and saving configuration files

  • Viewing, comparing, and loading configuration files

  • J-Web-core/common functionality

Junos Configuration Basics

Identify the main elements for configuring Junos devices

  • Factory-default state

  • Initial configuration

  • User accounts

  • Login classes

  • User authentication methods

  • Interface types and properties

  • Configuration groups

  • Additional initial configuration elements-NTP, SNMP, syslog, etc.

  • Configuration archival

  • Logging and tracing

  • Rescue configuration

  • Describe how to configure basic components of a Junos device

Operational Monitoring and Maintenance

Identify methods of monitoring and maintaining Junos devices

  • Show commands

  • Monitor commands

  • Interface statistics and errors

  • Network tools-ping, traceroute, telnet, SSH, etc.

  • Real-time performance monitoring (RPM)

  • Junos OS installation

  • Software upgrades

  • Powering on and shutting down Junos devices

  • Root password recovery

  • Describe monitoring and maintenance procedures for a Junos device

Routing Fundamentals

Identify basic routing concepts and functionality for Junos devices

  • Packet forwarding concepts

  • Routing tables

  • Routing vs. forwarding tables

  • Route preference

  • Routing instances

  • Static routing

  • Advantages of / use cases for dynamic routing protocols

  • Describe how to configure and monitor basic routing elements for a Junos device

Routing Policy and Firewall Filters

Identify the concepts and functionality of routing policy and firewall filters on Junos devices

  • Default routing policies

  • Import and export policies

  • Routing policy flow

  • Effect of policies on routes and routing tables

  • Policy structure and terms

  • Policy match criteria, match types, and actions

  • Firewall filter concepts

  • Firewall filter concepts

  • Filter match criteria and actions

  • Effect of filters on packets

  • Unicast reverse-path-forwarding (RPF)

  • Describe how to configure and monitor routing policies and firewall filters on a Junos device

 

Specialist Level (JNCIS)

JNCIS-SEC (Security)

Junos Security Overview

  • Junos security architecture

  • Branch vs. high-end platforms

  • Major hardware components of SRX Series services gateways

  • Packet flow

  • Packet-based vs. session-based forwarding

Zones

  • Zone types

  • Dependencies

  • To-the-device packet behavior

  • Transit packet behavior

  • Zone configuration steps

  • Configuration precedence

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

Security Policies

  • Policy types (default policy)

  • Policy components

  • Policy ordering

  • To-the-device traffic examination

  • Transit traffic examination

  • Scheduling

  • Rematching

  • ALGs

  • Address books

  • Applications

  • Custom applications

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

Firewall User Authentication

  • User authentication types

  • Authentication server support

  • Client groups

Screens

  • Attack types and phases

  • Screen options

  • Screen configuration steps

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

NAT

  • NAT types

  • NAT/PAT processing

  • Address persistence

  • NAT proxy ARP

  • Configuration guidelines

  • NAT configuration steps

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

IPSec VPNs

  • Secure VPN characteristics and components

  • IPSec tunnel establishment

  • IPSec traffic processing

  • Junos OS IPSec implementation options

  • IPSec VPN configuration steps

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

High Availability (HA) Clustering

  • HA features and characteristics

  • Deployment requirements and considerations

  • Chassis cluster characteristics and operation

  • Cluster modes

  • Cluster and node IDs

  • Redundancy groups

  • Cluster interfaces

Real-time objects

  • State synchronization

  • Ethernet switching considerations

  • IPSec considerations

  • Manual failover

  • Cluster preparation

  • Cluster configuration steps

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

Unified Threat Management (UTM)

  • Packet flow and processing

  • Design considerations

  • Policy flow

  • Platform support

  • Licensing

  • Methods

  • Whitelists vs. blacklists

  • Order of operations

  • Traffic examination

  • Configuration steps using the CLI

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

  • Scanning methods

  • Antivirus flow process

  • Scanning options and actions

  • Configuration steps using the CLI

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

  • Filtering features and solutions

  • Configuration steps using the CLI

  • Monitoring and troubleshooting

 

JNCIS-ENT (Routing and Switching)

Layer 2 Switching and VLANs

Identify the concepts, operation, and functionality of Layer 2 switching for the Junos OS

  • Enterprise switching platforms

  • Bridging components

  • Frame processing

Identify the concepts, benefits, and functionality of VLANs

  • Ports

  • Tagging

  • Native VLANs and voice VLANs

  • Inter-VLAN routing

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot Layer 2 switching and VLANs

  • Interfaces and ports

  • VLANs

  • Routed VLAN interfaces (RVI)

Spanning Tree

Identify the concepts, benefits, operation, and functionality of the Spanning Tree Protocol

  • STP and RSTP concepts

  • Port roles and states

  • BPDUs

  • Convergence and reconvergence

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor STP and RSTP

  • STP

  • RSTP

Layer 2 Security

Identify the concepts, benefits and operation of various protection and security features

  • BPDU, loop and root protection

  • Port security, including MAC limiting, DHCP snooping, Dynamic ARP inspection (DAI) and IP source guard

  • Storm control

  • Identify the concepts, benefits and operation of Layer 2 firewall filtres

  • Filter types

  • Processing order

  • Match criteria and actions

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor Layer 2 security

  • Protection

  • Port security

  • Storm control

  • Firewall filter configuration and application

Protocol Independent Routing

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of various protocol-independent routing components

  • Static, aggregate, and generated routes

  • Martian addresses

  • Routing instances, including RIB groups

  • Load balancing

  • Filter-based forwarding

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor various protocol-independent routing components

  • Static, aggregate, and generated routes

  • Load balancing

  • Filter-based forwarding

Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of OSPF

  • Link-state database

  • OSPF packet types

  • Router ID

  • Adjacencies and neighbors

  • Designated router (DR) and backup designated router (BDR)

  • OSPF area and router types

  • LSA packet types

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot OSPF

  • Areas, interfaces and neighbors

  • Additional basic options

  • Routing policy application

  • Troubleshooting tools

Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS)

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of IS-IS

  • Link-state database

  • IS-IS PDUs

  • TLVs

  • Adjacencies and neighbors

  • Levels and areas

  • Designated intermediate system (DIS)

  • Metrics

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot IS-IS

  • Levels, interfaces and adjacencies

  • Additional basic options

  • Routing policy application

  • Troubleshooting tools

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of BGP

  • BGP basic operation

  • BGP message types

  • Attributes

  • Route/path selection process

  • IBGP and EBGP functionality and interaction

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor BGP

  • Groups and peers

  • Additional basic options

  • Routing policy application

Tunnels

Identify the concepts, requirements and functionality of IP tunneling Tunneling applications and considerations

  • GRE

  • IP-IP

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor IP tunnels

  • GRE

  • IP-IP

High Availability

Identify the concepts, benefits, applications and requirements for high availability in a Junos OS environment

  • Link aggregation groups (LAG)

  • Redundant trunk groups (RTG)

  • Virtual Chassis

  • Graceful restart (GR)

  • Graceful Routing Engine switchover (GRES)

  • Nonstop active routing (NSR)

  • Nonstop bridging (NSB)

  • Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD)

  • Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)

  • Unified In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU)

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor high availability components

  • LAG and RTG

  • Virtual Chassis

  • GR, GRES, NSR, and NSB

  • VRRP

  • ISSU

 

JNCIS-SP (Service Provider)

Protocol-Independent Routing

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of various protocol-independent routing components

  • Static, aggregate, and generated routes
  • Martian addresses
  • Routing instances, including RIB groups
  • Load balancing
  • Filter-based forwarding

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor various protocol-independent routing components

  • Static, aggregate, and generated routes
  • Load balancing
  • Filter-based forwarding

Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of OSPF

  • Link-state database
  • OSPF packet types
  • Router ID
  • Adjacencies and neighbors
  • Designated router (DR) and backup designated router (BDR)
  • OSPF area and router types
  • LSA packet types

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot OSPF

  • Areas, interfaces and neighbors
  • Additional basic options
  • Routing policy application
  • Troubleshooting tools

Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS)

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of IS-IS

  • Link-state database
  • IS-IS PDUs
  • TLVs
  • Levels and areas
  • Designated intermediate system (DIS)
  • Metrics

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot OSPF

  • Areas, interfaces and neighbors
  • Additional basic options
  • Routing policy application
  • Troubleshooting tools

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of BGP

  • BGP basic operation
  • BGP message types
  • Attributes
  • Route/path selection process
  • IBGP and EBGP functionality and interaction

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor BGP

  • Groups and peers
  • Additional basic options
  • Routing policy application

Layer 2 Bridging and VLANs

Identify the concepts, operation, and functionality of Layer 2 bridging for the Junos OS

  • Service Provider switching platforms
  • Bridging elements and terminology
  • Frame processing
  • Virtual Switches
  • Provider bridging (e.g., Q-in-Q tunneling)

Identify the concepts, benefits, and functionality of VLANs

  • Port modes
  • Tagging
  • MVRP
  • IRB

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot Layer 2 bridging and VLANs

  • Interfaces and ports
  • VLANs
  • MVRP
  • IRB
  • Provider bridging

Spanning-Tree Protocols

Identify the concepts, benefits, operation, and functionality of Spanning Tree Protocol and its variants

  • STP, RSTP, MSTP and VSTP concepts
  • Port roles and states
  • BPDUs
  • Convergence and reconvergence
  • Spanning-tree security

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot STP and its variants

  • Spanning-tree protocols – STP, RSTP, MSTP, VSTP
  • BPDU, loop and root protection

Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) and MPLS VPNs

Identify the concepts, operation, and functionality of MPLS

  • MPLS terminology
  • MPLS packet header
  • End-to-end packet flow and forwarding
  • Labels and the label information base (LIB)
  • MPLS and routing tables
  • RSVP
  • LDP

Identify the concepts, benefits, operation, and functionality of MPLS VPNs

  • VPN routing tables
  • Layer 3 VPN terminology and components
  • BGP Layer 2 VPN terminology and components
  • LDP Layer 2 circuit terminology and components
  • Virtual private LAN service (VPLS) terminology and components
  • MPLS VPN control plane traffic flow
  • MPLS VPN data plane traffic flow

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor MPLS

  • MPLS forwarding
  • RSVP-signaled and LDP-signaled LSPs

IPv6

  • Identify the concepts, operation and functionality of IPv6
  • IPv4 vs. IPv6
  • Address types, notation and format
  • Address scopes
  • Autoconfiguration
  • Tunneling

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor IPv6

  • Interfaces
  • Static routes
  • Dynamic routing – OSPFv3, IS-IS, BGP
  • IPv6 over IPv4 tunneling

Tunnels

Identify the concepts, requirements and functionality of IP tunneling

  • Tunneling applications and considerations
  • GRE
  • IP-IP

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor IP tunnels

  • GRE configuration
  • IP-IP configuration

High Availability

Identify the concepts, benefits, applications and requirements of high availability

  • Link aggregation groups (LAG) and multichassis LAGs (MC-LAGs)
  • Graceful restart (GR)
  • Graceful Routing Engine switchover (GRES)
  • Nonstop active routing (NSR)
  • Nonstsop bridging (NSB)
  • Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD)
  • Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
  • Unified In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU)
  • Ethernet Ring Protection (ERP)

Demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor high availability component

  • LAG, MC-LAG
  • Additional basic options
  • GR, GRES, NSR and NSB
  • VRRP
  • ISSU

 

Proffessional Level (JNCIP)

JNCIP-SEC (Security)

Application-Aware Security Services

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of AppSecure

  • AppSecure traffic processing
  • AppID
  • AppTrack
  • AppFW
  • AppDoS
  • AppQoS
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot the various AppSecure modules

Virtualization

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of various virtualization components on SRX Series Services Gateways

  • Routing instances
  • RIB groups
  • Routing between instances
  • Logical systems (LSYS)
  • Intra-LSYS and Inter-LSYS communication
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot the various elements of virtualization
  • Given a scenario, describe and implement filter-based forwarding (FBF)

Advanced NAT

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of various types of NAT

  • NAT traffic processing
  • Destination NAT
  • Source NAT
  • Persistent NAT
  • Static NAT
  • Double NAT
  • NAT traversal
  • DNS doctoring
  • IPv6 NAT (Carrier-grade NAT) – NAT64, NAT46, NAT444, DS-Lite
  • Routing
  • NAT and FBF
  • NAT and security policy
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot advanced NAT implementations

Advanced IPSec VPNs

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of various IPSec VPN implementations

  • IPSec traffic processing
  • Site-to-site VPNs
  • Hub-and-spoke VPNs
  • Group VPNs
  • Dynamic VPNs
  • Routing over VPNs
  • VPNs and NAT
  • Public key infrastructure (PKI) for IPSec VPNs
  • VPNs and dynamic gateways
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot advanced IPSec VPN implementations

Intrusion Prevention

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of Junos Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) for SRX Series Services Gateways

  • IPS packet inspection process
  • IPS rules and rulebases
  • Signature-based attack detection
  • Reconnaissance scans and fingerprinting
  • Flooding, attacks and spoofing

Describe how to perform setup and initial configuration for SRX Series Services Gateways with IPS functionality

  • IPS deployment options and considerations
  • Network settings
  • Attack database
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure mechanisms to detect and protect against scans and attacks
  • Custom signatures
  • Scan prevention

Transparent Mode

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of various transparent mode implementations

  • High Availability
  • VLAN translation
  • Layer 2 security
  • IRB
  • Bridge groups
  • Spanning tree traffic processing
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure, monitor and troubleshoot transparent mode implementations

Troubleshooting

  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to troubleshoot Junos OS security issues
  • Flow analysis
  • SNMP
  • show commands
  • Logging and syslog
  • Tracing, including flow traceoptions
  • Policy flow
  • Packet capture

 

JNCIP-ENT (Routing and Switching)

OSPF

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of OSPFv2 and OSPFv3

  • OSPF LSA types
  • OSPF area types and operations
  • LSA flooding through an OSPF multi-area network
  • DR/BDR operation
  • SPF algorithm
  • Metrics, including external metric types
  • Authentication options
  • Route summarization and restriction
  • Overload
  • Virtual links
  • OSPFv2 vs OSPFv3
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor single-area and multi-area OSPF
  • Implement OSPF routing policy

BGP

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of BGP

  • BGP route selection process
  • Next hop resolution
  • BGP attributes – concept and operation
  • BGP communities
  • Regular expressions
  • Load balancing – multipath, multihop, forwarding table
  • NLRI families – inet, inet6
  • Advanced BGP options
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor BGP
  • Implement BGP routing policy

IP Multicast

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of IP multicast

  • Components of IP multicast, including multicast addressing
  • IP multicast traffic flow
  • Any-Source Multicast (ASM) vs. Source-Specific Multicast (SSM)
  • RPF – concept and operation
  • IGMP, IGMP snooping
  • PIM dense-mode and sparse-mode
  • Rendezvous point (RP) – concept, operation, discovery, election
  • SSM – requirements, benefits, address ranges
  • Anycast RP
  • MSDP
  • Routing policy and scoping
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor IGMP, PIM-DM and PIM-SM (including SSM)
  • Implement IP multicast routing policy

Ethernet Switching and Spanning Tree

Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of advanced Ethernet switching

  • Filter-based VLANs
  • Private VLANs
  • Dynamic VLAN registration using MVRP
  • Tunnel Layer 2 traffic through Ethernet networks
  • Layer 2 tunneling using Q-in-Q and L2PT
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor advanced Ethernet switching
  • Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of advanced spanning tree protocols, including MSTP and VSTP
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor MSTP and VSTP

Layer 2 Authentication and Access Control

Describe the operation of various Layer 2 authentication and access control features

  • Authentication process flow
  • 802.1x – concepts and functionality
  • MAC RADIUS
  • Captive portal
  • Server fail fallback
  • Guest VLAN
  • Considerations when using multiple authentication/access control methods
  • Given a scenario, demonstration how to configure and monitor Layer 2 authentication and access control

IP Telephony Features
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of features that facilitate IP telephony deployments

  • Power over Ethernet (PoE)
  • LLDP and LLDP-MED
  • Voice VLAN
  • Given a scenario, demonstration how to configure and monitor Layer 2 authentication and access control

Class of Service (CoS)
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of Junos CoS for Layer 2/3 networks

  • CoS processing on Junos devices
  • CoS header fields
  • Forwarding classes
  • Classification
  • Packet loss priority
  • Policers
  • Schedulers
  • Drop profiles
  • Shaping
  • Rewrite rules
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor CoS for Layer 2/3 networks

 

JNCIP-SP (Service Provider)

OSPF
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of OSPFv2 and OSPFv3

  • OSPF LSA types
  • OSPF area types and operations
  • LSA flooding through an OSPF multi-area network
  • DR/BDR operation
  • SPF algorithm
  • Metrics, including external metric types
  • Authentication options
  • Summarize and restrict routes
  • Virtual links
  • OSPFv2 vs OSPFv3
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor single-area and multi-area OSPF
  • Implement OSPF routing policy

IS-IS
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of IS-IS

  • IS-IS link-state PDU (LSP) types
  • IS-IS areas/levels and operations
  • LLSP flooding through an IS-IS multi-area network
  • DIS operation
  • SPF algorithm
  • Metrics, including wide metrics
  • Authentication options
  • Route summarization and route leaking
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor single-area and multi-area IS-ISa
  • Implement IS-IS routing policy

BGP
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of BGP

  • BGP route selection process
  • Next hop resolution
  • BGP attributes-concept and operation
  • BGP communities
  • Regular expressions
  • Multipath
  • Multihop
  • Load balancing
  • Advanced BGP options
  • BGP route damping
  • Multiprotocol BGP
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor BGP
  • Route reflection
  • Confederations
  • Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of BGP scaling mechanisms
  • Implement BGP routing policy

Class of Service (CoS)
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of Junos CoS

  • CoS processing on Junos devices
  • CoS header fields
  • Forwarding classes
  • Classification
  • Packet loss priority
  • Policers, including tricolor marking and hierarchical policers
  • Schedulers
  • Drop profiles
  • Shaping
  • Rewrite rules
  • Hierarchical scheduling (H-CoS) characteristics (high-level only)
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor CoS

IP Multicast
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of IP multicast

  • Components of IP multicast, including multicast addressing
  • IP multicast traffic flow
  • Any-Source Multicast (ASM) vs. Source-Specific Multicast (SSM)
  • RPF-concept and operation
  • IGMP
  • PIM dense-mode and sparse-mode
  • Rendezvous point (RP)-concept, operation, discovery, election
  • SSM-requirements, benefits, address ranges
  • MSDP, including single and multi-PIM domains
  • Anycast RP
  • Routing policy and scoping
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor IGMP, PIM-DM, PIM-SM (including SSM) and MSDP
  • Implement IP multicast routing policy

MPLS
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of MPLS

  • RSVP and LDP operation
  • Primary/secondary paths
  • LSP metrics, including interaction with IGP metrics
  • LSP priority and preemption
  • Fast reroute, link protection and node protection
  • LSP optimization
  • Routing table integration options for traffic engineering
  • RSVP reservation styles
  • Routing policy to control path selection
  • Advanced MPLS features
  • Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of Constrained Shortest Path First (CSPF)
  • TED
  • IGP extensions
  • CSPF algorithm-selecting the best path
  • Tie-breaking options
  • Administrative groups
  • Advanced CSPF options
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor MPLS, LDP and RSVP
  • RSVP-signaled and LDP-signaled LSPs
  • Traffic protection mechanisms
  • CSPF
  • Implement MPLS routing policy

Layer 3 VPNs
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of Layer 3 VPNs

  • Traffic flow-control and data planes
  • Full mesh vs. hub-and-spoke topology
  • VPN-IPv4 addressing
  • Route distinguishers
  • Route targets
  • Route distribution
  • Site of origin
  • Sham links
  • vrf-table-label
  • Layer 3 VPN scaling
  • Layer 3 VPN Internet access options
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor the components of Layer 3 VPNs
  • Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of multicast VPNs
  • Next-generation MVPNs (NG-MVPN)
  • Flow of control and data traffic in a NG-MVPN
  • Describe Junos support for carrier-of-carriers and interprovider VPN models

Layer 2 VPNs
Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of BGP Layer 2 VPNs

  • Traffic flow-control and data planes
  • Forwarding tables
  • Connection mapping
  • Layer 2 VPN NLRI
  • Route distinguishers
  • Route targets
  • Layer 2 VPN scaling
  • Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of LDP Layer 2 circuits
  • Traffic flow-control and data planes
  • Virtual circuit label
  • Layer 2 interworking
  • Describe the concepts, operation and functionality of VPLS
  • Traffic flow-control and data planes
  • BGP VPLS label distribution
  • LDP VPLS label distribution
  • Route targets
  • Site IDs
  • Given a scenario, demonstrate knowledge of how to configure and monitor Layer 2 VPNs
  • BGP Layer 2 VPNs
  • LDP Layer 2 circuits
  • VPLS

Automation
Demonstrate basic knowledge of using automation scripts

  • Operation scripts
  • Commit scripts
  • Event scripts